Incredible biodiversity in PNG holds incredible biodiversity
North of Australia and south of the
Equator lies the independent island state of Papua New Guinea (PNG).
PNG (“Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini” in the native Tok Pisin
language) is the third largest island nation in the world after
Indonesia and Madagascar, and is regarded as part of the Australian
Papua New Guinea, where many people swarm to, has some of the best and
most beautiful diving spots in the world. There are more than twice as
many fish species as in the Red Sea and almost ten times the diversity
of species when compared to the Caribbean.
Its unique underwater
landscape is complemented on land by lush rainforests and densely
covered mountainous regions with extinct volcanoes: the landscape is
varied and diverse. In its mountainous regions, there are strong
differences in altitude, with mountain peaks, extensive valleys,
glaciers, rainforests, volcanoes, grasslands, mountain woodlands and
With such a diverse offering, PNG certainly comes up
PNG is part of Melanesia, which stretches to the Fiji Islands. The
region is often called the South Sea.
PNG has been a member of the
Commonwealth of Nations since independence (having become an
independent state since 1975). The official head of state is Elizabeth
II, but not as a British queen, but as queen of PNG. The position is
represented in the country by a general governor. Here's a surprising
fact about PNG: its nearly six million inhabitants speak about 800
Diving in PNG
Just a few metres from the beach, the reef walls fall steeply into the
ocean depths at many points along the coast. The waters here generally
reach considerable depths close to the coastline.
Diving in PNG means entering a coral and fish paradise, with extreme
contrasts from shallow lagoons and atolls to steep black walls, from
coral gardens to World War Two wrecks.
The underwater realm has managed
to remain untouched and is suitable for diving all year round.
Resorts, dive centres and liveaboards offer attractive packages for
With reefs, seagrass meadows, atolls and spectacular
wrecks from World War Two, diving in Papua New Guinea simply brings
pure pleasure and adventure.
With 16,000 kilometres of coastline and 52,000 square kilometres of
reef, divers won't need to fear having to jostle with crowds. The dive
companies place great importance on providing personalised services and
a safe, relaxing environment.
The astonishing marine biodiversity of the waters is caused by the
different ocean currents of the Bismarck, Solomon and Coral Seas, which
of all converge here.
The water temperature is 24 to 30 degrees
Celsius, and the visibility is 10 to 40 metres. Conditions conducive
for diving prevail during the dry season from May to October.
best diving locations are found at Milne Bay, Kimbe Bay and Kavieng.
Several wrecks, mainly from World War Two, are spread out on the sea
floor. Be it planes, ships or submarines, many are still in very good
condition, and have become artificial reefs.
Diving in Papua New Guinea
is particularly attractive as the dive sites are near the coast and can
be reached using small speedboats in a short period of time.